Different Motors for Industrial Sewing Machines
Power, ability, and what's needed to perform are discussed in this write up on the differences between Servo and Clutch industrial sewing motors. In the sewing industry, there are two types of sewing machine motors commonly used. The Servo motor, and the Clutch motor. Each offer unique qualities that meet varying needs, and there are several differences between a clutch and a servo motor. The most identifiable difference is that a clutch motor runs constantly when the machine is on so you always hear the quickly identifiable humming noise. A Servo motor, however, does not run until you engage the pedal. Without the motor running, it makes no noise at all.
For many decades, the clutch motor has been the workhorse of the sewing industry. Its reliability and sheer strength should not be dismissed. The most advantageous aspect of the Clutch motor is its sheer power. The Clutch motor is available with varying RPMs and horsepower to meet the needs of heavier workloads and heavier materials. The Clutch motor is typically ideal for products that are made of heavier materials such as belts, leashes, harnesses and for other products made of thick materials like leather, and since it is faster it is ideal for high production facilities. Not to be mistaken though, the Clutch motor can handle just about any project if the sewer has the required experience.
With the Servo motor, you can control the speed of the motor with a switch that lets you adjust between 0 and 3300 RPM. This makes it ideal for beginner sewers. Once the adjustable speed is set, it remains constant no matter how hard the pedal is pressed, unlike with the Clutch motor. The Servo motor consumes approximately sixty to eighty percent less energy than the Clutch motor, and is about 25% lighter than the Clutch motor. This obviously makes it easier to transport and since it weighs less, it is easier to install.
With the easily controlled variable speed, many users find that the Servo is much more user friendly than the Clutch motor. With the Clutch motor, there is no slow start like with the Servo motor. This is just another reason why the Servo motor is more user friendly for beginner sewers than the Clutch motor.
Since the Servo motor isn't constantly running like that of a Clutch motor, the amount of heat created is almost negligible. This leads to lower cooling costs in a large production environment and a more comfortable atmosphere for the sewer. Additionally, the vibration factor of with the Servo motor is almost negligible resulting in a better quality stitch and longer life of the sewing machine.
When creating unique patterns and stitches, the ease of the Servo motor makes the task less complicated and is less likely to contribute to stitching mistakes. Since the speed is set at a constant, the sewer is fully aware of the rate of speed at which the machine is operating and is able to navigate complicated stitching patterns with much more ease that with a Clutch motor. For this reason, the Servo motor is most often used with more delicate fabrics, and on projects that require the sewer to slow down and sew stitch by stitch. However, the Servo motor is more than capable of tackling the heavier materials like leather with the ease of the Clutch motor, while allowing the user to make more detailed and complicated stitching maneuvers since the speed setting is adjustable. For this reason, the Servo motor is often used in projects with heavier materials.
If you are ready to hit the gate running, are an experienced sewer, and are sewing primarily heavy fabrics, the Clutch motor is the right choice. No doubt about it. If you are a beginner or have more detailed stitches to sew that require a lower speed, then you should select the Servo motor. With today's technology, the punching power of the Servo rivals that of the modern day Clutch motor, so it can fit the needs of just about any kind of sewing job. At the end of the day, either of these motors can and will get the job completed, but depending on the users level of experience it may require more work.
In the sewing community, the simple phrase “you learn something new with every project” will always be true. However, some of those lessons are easier learned by knowing the abilities, advantages, and disadvantages of each machine and motor.